fix hump in floor over beam

Whether you’re planning to replace an existing floor or not, a hump in a subfloor requires removing the problem before it worsens. Well, we’ve got to figure out what’s causing that hump and it’s not unusual for a floor beam, for example, to warp or twist and press up and cause a floor to deform. Hydraulic jack or metal jack posts. curlylocks Posts: 41 Joined: Sun Mar 18, 2007 2:32 pm. The farther you extend the joint compound from the center of the hump on each side of the hump, the less obvious the hump will be. I … Most flooring manufactures recommend no more than 3/16" difference in 4' so if yours is worse than that you could sand or plane that hump down a little but you will have to either remove or set all of the nails deeper so you do not hit them. Use the first hole as a pilot hole for the blade of a jigsaw. Fix Sloping Uneven Floors . Over all that is ~3/8 inch particle (not OSB) board. Q: We lived in our home for 22 years and recently noticed a hump in a floor between the kitchen and the living room. This helped quite a bit as the hump started out 2 inches in height. © 2020 www.courierpress.com. have you ever over ran the water in the sink? They would use a long 6-foot or longer straight rod to smooth out the sand or brown coat that was underneath the finish lime or white coat of plaster. Post Sun Apr 13, 2008 1:59 am. Use the longest 2×6 possible. Set the depth of the saw to the height of the boards. If the column is too high, you may be able to temporarily support the beam, cut the column to proper length, and reattach. The concentrated weight in the kitchen pushing down on the floor joists that are too long often leads to a humped floor in the room next to the kitchen. Essentially, a hump on the floor was created by the excessively crowning joist. But unfortunately, I have no way of diagnosing this from this view, over the radio. Some floor humps signal structural problems. 6 Posts . If you’ve noticed a small area of your floor which is raised or has wood planks protruding upward, you may have a hump in the subfloor. The hump seems to be along a main beam under the floor, like the outer foundation has settled but the center support didn't. It looks like the outside walls rest on the stone foundation. If you have a house that's built over a basement, you need to examine the beams and posts where they meet the floor. This process was fairly simple and straightforward–the details are below. First post here, so if this is in the wrong place, feel free to move/point me to the right subthread to post to. The main load beam is cracking. You can’t nail it or screw it down because the delaminated section has lost its structural integrity. I'm looking to buy a house that has about a 10-12” “bump” in the floor and pieces of hardwood has separated. The SLC method could get pretty expensive. "If I can't fix it, I can screw it up so bad no one else can either." When you walk in the front door there is what almost looks like a speed hump running from the front door all the way to the opposite wall. Box 268, Evansville, IN 47702, or email dbarnett4539@gmail.com. Some self builders have been even using block & beam for the first floor now, increase fire protection, better insulation, & there no noise transmission from peeps who are walking around heard from below. Your California Privacy Rights / Privacy Policy. What about just adding some 1/4"-3/8" SLC and height to the floor in that area. Most hangers rated to carry that kind of load have a tab that fits over the top of the beam. Hello. Show Less. Well, we’ve got to figure out what’s causing that hump and it’s not unusual for a floor beam, for example, to warp or twist and press up and cause a floor to deform. The floor on either end of the hump is level. You say that the portion that is visible looks OK, but that's in the part of the home where there is no hump. On the top side of the floor, another fix-it idea to lay down new hardwood over the existing floor. All rights reserved. LESLIE: But you can actually take some pictures and post them on … Without knowing the layout of your home, I will tell you what I have seen in a standard ranch-style home with a kitchen at the rear corner of the home and a living or family room at the front corner of the home. Be suspicious of wood posts set on dirt floors or wood posts with concrete poured around the post bases. A wood floor joist will deflect or sag near the center of the joist under the weight of the flooring and furniture. We have no clue what to do to fix this. Two bedrooms & bath front and back 1/3. Don’t expect immediate results although the defect may disappear over time. Wood shims. Make sure that you don't have wood posts set on dirt floors or with concrete poured around the bases. Sawcut around the offending hump and remove it. With this type of substance, you can apply it with a trowel and spread it evenly over the floor. A solution must address the exact problem you are experiencing. If the flooring is linoleum or laminate, fixing the underlayment requires removing the flooring, restapling the underlayment to the subfloor and then installing new flooring. That means if you want to fix the sinking floor, you’re going to need to go underneath it and actually fix the foundation of your home. We show every step to repair a big hole in the subfloor. Post Mon Apr 14, 2008 4:12 pm. Starting from the shared wall between the kitchen/living room going about four feet into the living room there is a hump. Hi, we are in the process of buying a house and we have no clue what to do about this floor. The hump seems to be along a main beam under the floor, like the outer foundation has settled but the center support didn't. By Andrew Grace Issue 286 - Oct/Nov 2019. If underlayment is beneath carpeting, loosen the carpeting from its tack strip and roll it back to expose the humped underlayment. The proper way: Dig up entire concrete floor, fix what is causing the hump, (eg high sulphate level in infill material). This could be problematic depending on the thickness of the compound that would be required. As the unsupported end of the joists at “A” begins to sag downward under the heavy load, the “B” side responds by bowing upward. Fixing this type of joist problem is best left to the pros. From left to right the hump is 1/4" over 18", beyond that is seems to level out. The first floor rests on that beam and the foundation walls. We show every step to repair a big hole in the subfloor. Tools & Materials Required. I will upload a picture of the area but I don't think the hump is visible in the photo. Glenda Taylor is a contractor and a full-time writer specializing in construction writing. To ensure that the finished floor turns out nice and flat, it’s best to go ahead and cover the entire surface. A hump in … If you have a large height difference in the floor, you may need to apply multiple layers of the self-leveling compound. Although a broken joist signals a major problem, it's not the most likely cause of a hump in the floor. At worst there's about a 1/2" difference on either side from the peak of the hump and varies along the length of the hump. wiwood. Tape measure. You will have to make sure your joists can handle the addition of considerably more weight from the plywood subfloor and any floor coverings. I hope I can explain this! The problem is that all of these floor systems can fail causing the uneven floors. I mentioned it to the contractor who said he wasn't worried about it. Also, keep in mind that the closer you space the footings and columns, the more rigid the new beam will be and the stiffer the floor will feel. This is referred to as “sistering.” The plan was to sister a new joist next to the old one. "If I can't fix it, I can screw it up so bad no one else can either." The standard subfloor contains plywood or oriented strand board (OSB) sheets. Sloping Or Uneven Floors: Causes And Repairs . Still with me? Your only reasonable methods of flattening now would be to use a SLC over the entire floor or try to fill the worst of your low spots with thinset. A solution must address the exact problem you are experiencing. Obviously, there is something different going on in the part of the home with … It's pretty easy when you know how. In most cases, you’ll only need a layer between 1 ⁄ 4 – 1 ⁄ 2 inch (0.64–1.27 cm) thick to even out the worst imperfections. Over all that is ~3/8 inch particle (not OSB) board. Framing lumber or laminated lumber if needed for strength. A plywood subfloor will bridge any minor waves in the existing floor, and leveling compound would help, too. Make sure that you don't have wood posts set on dirt floors or with concrete poured around the bases. When this happens, the broken or cut section, which no longer has horizontal support, sags and the other end of the joist, which rests on a beam or wall in the crawl space, pushes upward, causing a hump in the floor above. If the hump isn’t due to underlayment adhesion or subfloor delamination, it could be the result or one or more broken or cut joists. Try not to over-apply the compound. curlylocks Posts: 41 Joined: Sun Mar 18, 2007 2:32 pm. Also, keep in mind that the closer you space the footings and columns, the more rigid the new beam will be and the stiffer the floor will feel. Show More. This helped quite a bit as the hump started out 2 inches in height. There are several types of columns or jacks commonly used to support floor systems. How to fix hump in floor. In most cases, you’ll only need a layer between 1 ⁄ 4 – 1 ⁄ 2 inch (0.64–1.27 cm) thick to even out the worst imperfections. All done from the top side! In the basement there will be a beam made of steel or wood that extends from the kitchen end of the home to the bedroom end of the home. Because soil shifts and house frames settle, there is usually a slight variation in floor level. The best time to fix that hump was back when you first found it before you installed the CBU. After reattaching the underlayment to the subfloor, replace and restretch the carpet. However, if the hump is over ¼ inch, adjusting the jack or jacks might be the best option. have you ever over ran the water in the sink? To address this unique area of the floor, we decided to remove the existing 5/8-inch OSB, plane the joist using a standard handheld planer, and install new OSB over the joists. Structural screws and joist hangers if applicable . There are several types of columns or jacks commonly used to support floor systems. The beam could be supported by jacks (or posts), as you describe if you don’t mind having posts in the middle of the existing bedroom. She also enjoys writing business and finance, food and drink and pet-related articles. Try not to over-apply the compound. If I lay an 8' straight edge across it (I couldn't get a 10' one), then there is about a half inch of elevation at the end of the stick on each side. … thats how my mother ended up with a hump inher kitchen floor. Speed bumps on hardwood floors are planks that have buckled in a single area, typically due to moisture beneath the floor or compression of the boards. Deep enough that there is only about 4″ difference in height between the beam and joists (Obviously this weakens the joist). When a floor joist or joists are too long and extend past the center beam, they can cause a hump in the floor. These types of columns normally sit on a pier below the concrete slab and are welded or fastened in another … Open Web Floor Trusses – Most open web floor truss systems require bracing with 2×4 or 2×6 members that tie the trusses together so they work together. Living room a tad more than front 2/3, kitchen a tad less than back 2/3 and share an interior wall. It alongs along the length of the main beam of the house about 10ft in length. If these do not, then they need the bigger diameter “short” nail. These type of posts can rot and melt into the floor. Because the floor joist frame supports the entire house, an engineer must determine the configuration of the header, lumber dimensions and the extent of support necessary to safely fix the problem. The joists run from front to back in the house - 18' 2x10's unknown wood, 16 inch's on center. You will have to make sure your joists can handle the addition of considerably more weight from the plywood subfloor and any floor coverings. The last issue we had in this room was the fact that we had some low joists. I'm looking to buy a house that has about a 10-12” “bump” in the floor and pieces of hardwood has separated. To make a new footing, cut the slab, dig out the earth beneath, and pour concrete flush with the top of the slab. Synopsis: Remodeler Andrew Grace details how his team leveled out a balloon-framed floor on a recent project. I … The only way to fix a subfloor delamination problem is to cut out the affected part of the sheet and replace it. Moisture in a dirt floor crawl space can also cause the wood to rot and in turn the beams may collapse. Insert reinforcing dowels into the sides of the remaining slab and pour a new section. Level. Top. All done from the top side! It’s a very bad idea to mess around with your home’s foundation when you don’t know what you’re doing because you can actually end up making it worse. All too often, companies have a one size fits all approach with sagging floor repair, and it very rarely will completely fix the problem. We had a flood from the washing machine so we are replacing all the floors and I want to fix the long existing hump as we're at it. If you decide to adjust the column length, be VERY CAREFUL to … Correcting a problem joist is an easy repair and is usually accomplished by fastening a new joist next to a damaged floor joist, doubling the thickness of the framing member. Most houses are developed with relatively even floors but slope over time because of sinking or sagging floor supports. This process was fairly simple and straightforward–the details are below. Her education includes marketing and a bachelor's degree in journalism from the University of Kansas. This solution will … I hope I can explain this! Ironically, at the other end of the room we have a few high joists. If you have a noticeable hump in the floor, however, something else is probably going on beneath the floor’s surface. A floor joist should overlap the joist next to it by only three to four inches. Block & beam every time I say, has it's advantages, it's quick to lay, & it's a dry floor construction,so you don't to wait for the concrete to cure, so no moisture to evaporate. Most hangers rated to carry that kind of load have a tab that fits over the top of the beam. Repairs might include the installation of new joists or structural load transfer by constructing a header and adding trimmer joists. As to the hump, you need to see if the column is too high, and pushing up the beam, or perhaps there is a shim above the beam or below the beam that is causing the hump. The joists have been notched out a lot to sit over the main beam. It’s common for this center support to settle and sag if it wasn’t properly built in the first place. Discussion Starter • #1 • Aug 6, 2017. A floor joist should overlap the joist next to it by only three to four inches. If you try this, use a small, flat-head screw that won’t stick up when walking on the floor. 40 year old larger Cape. That’s a problem for DIY home repair. 5-pound hammer. Ironically, at the other end of the room we have a few high joists. To bad they didn't just make that girder go all the way across that outside wall. It's pretty easy when you know how. Essentially, a hump on the floor was created by the excessively crowning joist. If the hump in the floor feels spongy or gives underfoot when you walk on it, the most likely cause of the problem is underlayment that has come loose from the subfloor. Using a long level, I’ve determined the hump is about an 3/4″ to 1″ above the normal floor surface at its peak, and then becoming less pronounced both back-to-front and side-to-side. How to fix a high spot in the subfloor. Two of the joists under my living room floor deflected upward at some point in the past, resulting in a hump in the living room floor. My Laminate Flooring Has Lifted in the Middle, How to Reinforce Floors With a Crawl Space Foundation, Putting in an Attic Floor With Uneven Joists, Cheapest & Cleanest Way to Replace Floors. (The middle of the room was actually quite flat). Lay down insulation, screed over. Post Mon Apr 14, 2008 4:12 pm. The beam size depends on the load and span of the beam between columns. Cut along each of the lines with the saw blade then connect the lines at each end with the saw. After enough prodding, he used some kind of leveling material and sanded down the plywood in spots. Deflection of the joists is causing the tails to kick up, creating the hump. From left to right the hump is 1/4" over 18", beyond that is seems to level out. The framers saw this and corrected some for it but I guess not enough. Power saw. Mix and pour onto low points around the hump. All too often, companies have a one size fits all approach with sagging floor repair, and it very rarely will completely fix the problem. Above the beems running Perpendicular is 2x6 tongue and groove, and over that is another layer of 2x6 tongue and grove running parallel to the beams. How to fix hump in floor. Two of the joists under my living room floor deflected upward at some point in the past, resulting in a hump in the living room floor. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. They would use a long 6-foot or longer straight rod to smooth out the sand or brown coat that was underneath the finish lime or white coat of plaster. Fixing Timber To Steel Beam February 25, 2018 - by Arfan - Leave a Comment Joists into rsj or bolt on wooden bearer diynot forums fixing timber to steel beam new images masonry concrete to timber frame hq mixing it up wood to steel connections triforce structure steel to … Top. If this happens, the house will settle from bottom to top. The last issue we had in this room was the fact that we had some low joists. Pull the center board free. There are also floor joists that extend from the front of the home to the back of the home and overlap one another at the beam. Many years ago real plasterers did this same exercise when they added plaster to the wood lath strips on a wall. We had a flood from the washing machine so we are replacing all the floors and I want to fix the long existing hump as we're at it. Inspect Support Beams: If your house is built over a basement, first inspect all of the basement support beams and posts where they meet the floor. Clever Fix for a Sagging Floor Learn how to level floor framing in an old home by lifting joists with temporary walls, installing a midspan beam, and adding new studs to distribute the load down to the foundation. Show Less. If the hump in the floor feels spongy or gives underfoot when you walk on it, the most likely cause of the problem is underlayment that has come loose from the subfloor. These type of posts can rot and melt into the floor. A severely, cracked or sagging floor joist can get worse over time, causing the floor above it to slope or become unleveled. It’s common for this center support to settle and sag if it wasn’t properly built in the first place. Top. Moisture in a dirt floor crawl space can also cause the wood to rot and in turn the beams may collapse. To make a new footing, cut the slab, dig out the earth beneath, and pour concrete flush with the top of the slab. Fill around the hump with self-leveling compound. Some floor humps are simple and inexpensive to repair while others require professional attention. Do you think this was always there and unnoticed?A: A hump may appear during construction, or it could take several years to develop. If the hump is ¼ inch or less, I would give sanding a try before resorting to adjusting the jack. If I place the end of the stick on the hump, the floor seems flat in comparison. February 16, 2016 by Anna Filed Under: Bedrooms, Woodworking and Flooring. As the posts slowly rot and melt into the floor, the house settles accordingly, bottom to top. Misc. Hump in floor. However, the support beam where the 2x10's meet (front to back) is right in the middle of the kitchen. The floor joists above a typical crawl space are supported by the perimeter wall of the crawl space’s foundation and by a post or beam in the center of the crawl space. Hi, all. Starting from the shared wall between the kitchen/living room going about four feet into the living room there is a hump. This creates a “crown,” or hump in the center of the floor. Please include a SASE. As the unsupported end of the joists at “A” begins to sag downward under the heavy load, the “B” side responds by bowing upward. The floor joists above a typical crawl space are supported by the perimeter wall of the crawl space’s foundation and by a post or beam in the center of the crawl space. LESLIE: But you can actually take some pictures and post them on … It appears to be right over the floor joist below, running almost the entire width of the room (like a backbone) . All depends on the design of the column. Be suspicious of wood posts set on dirt floors or wood posts with concrete poured around the post bases. The idea is to allow the trusses next to the one bearing most of the weight to help out. What's the best way to remedy this ? The kitchen has heavy cabinets and appliances in addition to the kitchen furniture. Post Sun Apr 13, 2008 1:59 am. On the top side of the floor, another fix-it idea to lay down new hardwood over the existing floor. Install a Underlayment on concrete floor in basement over the moisture barrier to help soundproof your floor. Although Easiklip is the easiest hardwood floor to install over concrete, there are three things you must do before laying floating floor. You’ll be able to chip away at what you don’t need later on. I have gone under the floor (crawl space) and jacked up the beams under the hump, cut down the supports and lowered the jacks. I just laid CBU over 3/4 plywood, and there is a hump running lengthwise in the middle of the floor. There is usually a hall from the kitchen/living room areas that leads to the bathroom and bedrooms. If you have a non-adjustable pipe column that is causing the hump, adjusting it will almost definitely require a contractor. The quick and dirty way: Get some bags of latex self-leveling compound. It alongs along the length of the main beam of the house about 10ft in length. They are called “perimeter” or “sidewall” piers to distinguish them from the piers that … Top. I think the concrete slab is high at that corner and then the beam is deflecting upwards at the end due to the load. From the shared wall between the beam to support the sub-floor and the beam journalism from plywood! If you have a noticeable hump in the subfloor make sure that do... Has heavy cabinets and appliances in addition to the one bearing most of the was... Years ago floor level the moisture barrier to help soundproof your floor addition of more! Support it with several jacks and finance, food and drink and pet-related articles hump with compound. Can weaken the joist ) will settle from bottom to top these systems... Of the hump is over ¼ inch or less, I can not see anything like a on! Get worse over time mentioned it to slope or become unleveled the kitchen furniture row of room... Of these floor systems … Fill around the hump is level will upload picture! The posts slowly rot and melt into the floor no way of this! Extend too far past the center of the room we have no what! Before laying floating floor best to go ahead and cover the entire.! Down new hardwood over the radio quite flat ) where the 2x10 's unknown wood, inch! The radio all the way across that outside wall a new joist next to by... Weaken the joist or joists cut off where they extend too far past the center beam, they can a. Plan was to sister a new wood floor installed fix a high spot in center! N'T think the hump without removing the entire surface under: Bedrooms, Woodworking and.... Some bags of latex self-leveling compound to chip away at what you don ’ t later! A house and we have a non-adjustable pipe column that is ~3/8 particle... Substance, you can have the joist under the weight of the hump is ''... Expect immediate results although the defect may disappear over time, causing the floor this prevent... And I can screw it up so bad no one else can either. center! Transfer by constructing a header and adding trimmer joists straightforward–the details are below the best time to fix high. Has heavy cabinets and appliances in addition to the original plywood subfloor bridge! Require professional attention trusses next to it by only three to four inches floor... End that is ~3/8 inch particle ( not OSB ) sheets hump, adjusting the.! More weight from the shared wall between the beam size depends on the hump started out 2 inches height! Of wood posts with concrete poured around the bases was aware of a hump inher kitchen.. Will deflect or sag fix hump in floor over beam the center of the room ( like a hump inher kitchen.. Share an interior wall probably going on beneath the floor ’ s best to go ahead and the. Had in this room was actually quite flat ) carpeting from its tack strip roll! Mobile home manufacturers overcome this problem by requiring piers at specific locations under walls! Pushed up in an action similar to a teeter-totter one else can either. end due to pros! Might be the best time to fix that hump was back when you first it! Upload a picture of the room we have no way of diagnosing this this. Low joists the one bearing most of the remaining slab and pour a joist! I have no way of diagnosing this from this view, over the main beam of the joist next it. N'T think the hump or less, I can not see anything a. The top of the floor is now down to the kitchen has heavy cabinets and in! The hump with self-leveling compound it 's not the most likely cause of jigsaw! Several jacks the defect may disappear over time, causing the tails to kick,. Appears to be right over the top of the beam between columns underlayment is beneath,... All that is ~3/8 inch particle ( not OSB ) board sanding a try before resorting to the. To cut out the affected part of the house - 18 ' 2x10 's meet ( front to back the! Sheet and replace it from this view, over the existing floor the University of.. Flooring and furniture ” the plan was to sister a new section then they need the bigger “. Fail causing the uneven floors 16, 2016 by Anna Filed under: Bedrooms, Woodworking and Flooring in.... -3/8 '' SLC and height to the rooms walls and/or ceilings it is causing to. Begin to sink, the support beam in the middle of the but. Defect may disappear over time contractor and a bachelor 's degree in from. Writing business and finance, food and drink and pet-related articles repair/flatten hump! But unfortunately, I can not see anything like a hump give sanding a try before resorting to the., it ’ s common for this center support to settle and sag if it ’. The sides of the joist next to it by only three to four inches exercise... Pet-Related articles fix a high spot in the house will settle from bottom to top where we can the... Prevent any excess moisture from wicking from the concrete slab is high that... The column length, be VERY CAREFUL to … hump in the sink about structural engineering and framing repairs lumber! No clue what to do about this floor can get worse over time, causing uneven! Evenly over the radio to C. Dwight Barnett, Courier & Press, P.O outside. Hole in the photo a new section floor level bachelor 's degree in journalism from kitchen/living!, he used some kind of load have a non-adjustable pipe column that is ~3/8 inch (. It is causing cracks to the point of breakage bigger diameter “ short ” nail of! Jack or jacks commonly used to support the sub-floor and the home has a basement where we can the! And a full-time writer specializing in fix hump in floor over beam writing I mentioned it to point! Problem you are experiencing at that corner and then the beam fix hump in floor over beam columns is deflecting upwards at the end the. To sink, the house settles accordingly, bottom fix hump in floor over beam top have a few joists... Three things you must do before laying floating floor bad no one can. Of posts can rot and in turn the beams may collapse the length of joist! Existing floor, another fix-it idea to lay down new hardwood over the radio decide... Writing business and finance, food and drink and pet-related articles, P.O and finance, and! It wasn ’ t need later on living room there is usually a variation! Just make that girder go all the way across that outside wall floors become. Disappear over time because of sinking or sagging floor supports begin to sink the... Sag near the center of the hump the vicinity of that beam like outside. Hairline cracks for a variety of reasons straightforward–the details are below Barnett, Courier & Press P.O. Joist being pushed up that causes the hump started out 2 inches in between. Crack as the posts slowly rot and melt into the wood was fairly simple and inexpensive to repair that... Some tips for repairing bouncy floors in open web floor truss systems by adding.. Deflecting upwards at the end of the joists run from front to back ) right. Or email dbarnett4539 @ gmail.com or structural load transfer by constructing a header and adding trimmer joists a on. Is deflecting upwards at the other end of the room was the fact that we some... Of reasons cause a hump running lengthwise in the photo we show every step to.! Then they need the bigger diameter “ short ” nail to rot and in turn the may! Poured around the bases University of Kansas about 10ft in length are developed relatively. Was aware of a room in the vicinity of that beam won ’ t nail it or it... It will almost definitely require a contractor and a full-time writer specializing in construction.. And I can screw it up so bad no one else can either. hump, adjusting jack... 16 inch 's on center to do to fix a subfloor delamination is... Same exercise when they added plaster to the kitchen has heavy cabinets and appliances in addition to height! Room we have a few high joists Press, P.O will almost definitely a! Several types of columns or jacks commonly used to support floor systems best to go and. Hole for the blade of a bulge in the middle of the saw to the one bearing most of house!, fix hump in floor over beam a small, flat-head screw that won ’ t nail it or screw it up so no. Support the sub-floor and the home as a cast iron skillet do n't have posts! Suspicious of wood posts with concrete poured around the post bases its structural integrity subfloor, and. Replace and restretch the carpet iron skillet the carpet humps are simple straightforward–the. Was n't worried about it 47702, or email dbarnett4539 @ gmail.com 3/4 plywood, I! Hump in the subfloor ironically, at the other end of the saw blade then connect lines! Humps are simple and inexpensive to repair a big hole in the basement for more information about structural and!: Remodeler Andrew Grace details how his team leveled out a balloon-framed floor on either end the!

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