pruning hardy kiwi vines

If soil is poor, mix in a slow-release organic fertilizer to get young plants off to a strong start. So so good! Pruning and training Kiwi fruit on an arch or pergola For pergola or arch training the aim is to produce a strong single trunk with about 3 main branches near the top of the vine. In my travels I’ve seen many large healthy looking kiwi vines, but often times their productivity is very low.  None of my kiwi vines are producing yet, as they can take 5-10 years to come into bearing. If the vine didn’t form good side branches at the top, cut the main trunk back by about 2 feet and try again next year. See the publication for pruning diagrams. Pinch out the tips of these shoots after they have developed five leaves – these will produce fruit the following year. DON’T WAIT, plant your kiwi vines today. When to Prune a Kiwi Tree At Planting. Set vines in spring. Tolerant of heat, humidity and disease resistant, it is a rewarding plant with handsome foliage all summer long, delicious fruits and no serious pest issues. Whether you choose the standard fuzzy-skinned commercial kiwifruit or the smooth hardy varieties, your kiwifruit needs a trellis. Hardy kiwi vine refers to one of two plant species within the Actinidia genus, which also includes the plant that produces the delicious kiwifruit sold in grocery stores (Actinidia deliciosa). Anyways…Actinidia! Once they start producing bunches of kiwis, they will produce in abundance. Also, remove vines sections wound around other branches or nearby plants.  One company, Kiwi Korners, has been successfully growing hardy kiwi as a commercial crop for some time now. Dormant Female Pruning. Create a trunk by pruning off laterals from the main vine in the dormant season along the vertical part of the T structure. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Hardy kiwi fruit however is approximately grape size and entirely fuzzless, unlike the supermarket kiwis most people know. Prune heavily each spring removing up to 70 percent of the vines. (Cat was there, but not a lot of help.) Actinidia is the genus for kiwi, the fuzzy kiwi that we all know so well is A. deliciosa, but unknown to most are A. arguta and A. kolomkita, two kiwi species that are reportedly hardy to -25F. My vines were planted 9-10 years ago and have been producing yearly for the past 5 years. Kiwi vines should be pruned right after planting. Female kiwi plants produce fruit, but they need a male nearby to fertilize the flowers. GGVideos editor Charlie Nardozzi says: Basics on pruning established hardy kiwi vines. Thanks Solara, if we ever want to it’d be a good idea to share each others posts on our own websites. Kiwi vines need annual pruning to develop small fruiting branches known as spurs. Allow lateral shoots to develop at 50cm (20in) intervals. This is a question we are often asked and hopefully this information will guide you on when the best time to prune is. Out of all the uncommon fruits, like pawpaw, black currant, and jujube, to name a few— hardy kiwi seems like one that really has the potential to catch on and to be sought after by the likes of many, not just foody fruitnuts with crazy palates. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Check out his book Uncommon Fruits for Every Garden to find more on hardy kiwi. Remove damaged, dead or crossing limbs. But the wait is worth it. Caring For Hardy Kiwi Plants. Jasmine, wisteria, and most other hardy vines will fall into this category. Hardy Kiwi are often used as a screen or shade vine because of their ability to create a dense cover of 3 to 5 inch, glossy dark green leaves on long red vines Growing Requirements for Kiwi Plants Kiwi vines thrive in full sun or light shade. Pinch out the tips when they fill the allotted space. So you can just pop ’em in your mouth whole, and their flavor is truly exquisite; many people, including myself, claim they have much better aromatics, sweetness, and overall flavor than the fuzzy kiwi. It can be applied, with slight modification, to grapes, which a lot of people do grow. NEW PALTZ, NY by Lee Reich Kiwifruits need lots of pruning -- the right cuts, of course -- for best bearing and best flavor. Loosen soil and amend with compost before planting. In my travels I’ve seen many large healthy looking kiwi vines, but often times their productivity is very low. Monrovia's Hardy Kiwi Vine (Female) details and information. Prune back in late winter to control size. These kiwifruits are much smaller compared to common and golden kiwis and have a thinner, smooth skin. Cut out the top of the vine a few inches below the top of the post and encourage side shoots that grow laterally along the wires. Mike Levine of Nature and Nurture, LLC has been growing hardy kiwi for several years in SE Michigan and he is one of the few people I know around here with such a successful system. Remove any side growth on trunk below the two main branches. I am no expert in this field, or vineyard as it were, but I do know people that are so I’ll use this time to plug their expertise. Kiwifruit vines are heavier than grape vines; the supports must be well anchored. Remove all side branches until the vine reaches the top of the post. Water deeply in the absence of rain, and allow the soil around the crown to dry out before watering again. In order to manage the high level of vigor of the hardy kiwi vine, plants must be pruned and trained.Like most perennial fruit plants, they require dormant pruning; however, they also need to be pruned several times during the summer by cutting back the terminal growth to four to six leaves beyond the last flower. Kiwi plants are sensitive to fertilizers, so use them in small amounts. If you’re going to plant hardy kiwi(which everyone in the north should ASAP) it seems very worthwhile to take the time to train the vine to develop a single trunk system, and then manage the cordons each years to maximize their fruiting potential. I am fairly local, Saint Clair Shores, Mi, and I’d be happy to let you come out and see producing kiwi vines (though I freely admit that I do not prune well, or often). Hardy kiwi is a fruit that I’m just starting to become more acquainted with over the past few years— thanks to my generous/nutty friends and colleagues who kindly share their space and knowledge. Fertilize them the first year with a light scattering of fertilizer around the base of the plant monthly from spring until midsummer. The first year is a year to make roots; growth will be slow as plant becomes established. ... Prune your plants regularly. Although these plants do produce edible berries, the appeal of the plant lies in the attractive heart-shaped foliage… You’ll need at least two 4- to 6-inch diameter posts, installed so that you have 6 feet of post above ground. When pruning a mature vine, remove about 70 percent of the wood that grew last season. Kiwi loves spots that receive a lot of sun, even if part shade in the afternoon is a boon if ever the heat rises too much. In milder, more temperate climates, you’ll also succeed if planting your kiwi in fall, of course checking that it won’t be freezing in the following few weeks. A proper … (Some hardy kiwi varieties, such as 'Arctic Beauty', can be spaced as close as 8 feet apart.) My vines are growing on an arbor I build especially for them, though I wish I had made the arbor larger. Prune only when vines are dormant; pruning after buds begin to swell in spring can cause excessive sap flow which can weaken the vine. Hardy kiwi is a catchall term for types of kiwis that, when dormant, can survive temperatures as low as -40oF (USDA Hardiness Zone 3). The hardy kiwi vines used for landscape purposes include Actinidia arguta and one variety of Actinidia kolomikta, named 'Arctic Beauty'. Now I realize that these plants weren’t managed under a careful annual pruning regime. Make the cuts at 45-degree angles about one inch from the main vine. In July, the flowering arms should be cut to 20-24 inches (50-60 cm). Kiwi is a vigorous vine that quickly grows out of control if not grown on a solid supporting structure and pruned regularly. A good trellis for a kiwi vine is an essential part of kiwi plant care. Grows up to 12-20 ft. tall (3-6 m) and 3-5 ft. wide (1-2 m). Fertilize in early spring and again in early summer. Hats off to Mike for what he’s doing…, Another person who is perhaps one of the most experienced kiwi geeks in North America is Michael McConkey of Edible Landscaping in Afton, Virginia. Kiwis grow on vines, similar to grape vines. Vines that bloom early but produce fruit, such as kiwi and passionfruit, should be pruned in the early spring before flowering to avoid losing your fruit crop. Lee Reich is one of the upmost authorities on uncommon fruits and has a lot to say about hardy kiwi. The best time to winter prune a kiwi vine is early to mid winter, as later pruning may cause excessive sap flow from the pruning cuts, which can weaken the vine. This might seem harsh pruning, but the vine will recover and be healthier in the long run. One year later, I harvested lots of great-tasting fruits. I was actually going to write my next post on hardy kiwis as I just planted one yesterday, but after seeing this I’ll have to move on! I am so excited for the day that my vines come into production. Mature kiwi vines are very much like a mature grape vine. After the first year, increase the amount slightly and fertilize every other month. Also remove watersprouts (vigorous shoots originating from older wood) and shoots from the trunk, as well as vines that become entangled. ( Log Out /  When you are pruning out these branches, use sharp, sterilized pruners. Space female kiwi vines 15 feet apart. ( Log Out /  Dormant Pruning Head the trained branches back to an upward facing bud. Ananasnaya This is the most popular hardy kiwifruit cultivar currently avail-able. In addition to kiwi pruning, your vines will require additional kiwi plant care. The large leaf mass is heavy and vines can easily become a tangled mess if not properly pruned and trained. Winter is the best time for pruning kiwi vine side branches along the wires. Its called spur pruning. An adequate support structure should look like an old-fashioned clothesline. Kiwi is preferably planted in spring, especially in regions with harsh and cold winter weather. After maturity, female kiwi still requires annual dormant pruning in mid- to … Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Cut the vines … They grow voraciously each year and can become a huge mass of woody vines if not pruned consistently. I’ll be busy dreaming of jars and jars full of kiwi raisins stored away for winter snacking…until next time!! Gently direct the main vine to the top of the T. Attach vines to … Cut the vine to keep it from extending beyond the wires. Tie the vine loosely to the post and keep it growing straight upward. Select one strong, vigorous shoot to keep as the... Winter Maintenance. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Be patient. Choose males and females of the same variety or cultivar because the vines have to come into flower at the same time. Maintenance Pruning Kiwifruit. 3 Make clean cuts to avoid damaging the vine. Remove shoots that are twisting around other shoots or taking off in the wrong direction. Kiwi pruning and training begins when you plant the vine. Thanks for all the info Trevor. The hardy kiwi vines we carry are moderately vigorous and will grow about 6’ - 12’ a year, much less than their fuzzy cousins that can grow as much as 30' in a year. Here we go with where and what to prune. (If left on the vine, the fruit will reach 18 to 25 °Brix.) From my research and explorations thus far, it seems that the key to growing a productive hardy kiwi vine is all about proper training and pruning. Read more about kiwi plant care and pruning kiwi vine. Look for a spot that is sheltered from strong winds. Pruning should be done once each week as the vine grows. In the early stages make sure the vine grows only with one shoot, which is normally the case anyway but lower side laterals should be rubbed out if they form. Cut them back to a point where the stems are about 1/4-inch in diameter. The hardy kiwi, Actinidia arguta, is a part of Maine’s heritage.Tucked away on coastal estates, climbing on the walls of College of the Atlantic, and entangling trees in Acadia National Park, these highly ornamental, rugged vines are reminders of bygone days when ship traders brought unusual plants from Asia back to the gardens of coastal estates. Kiwi vines need annual pruning to develop small fruiting branches known as spurs. Train in a pair of shoots to grow along each horizontal wire. 2. Site Selection – All Kiwis like well-drained soil, from clayey to sandy. String three wires between the crossbars, one at the center and one at each end. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Install the posts 15 to 18 feet apart. Plant them in early spring after all danger of frost has... First Year. Here Michael talks about summer spur pruning of kiwi vines…. One male is sufficient for eight females. These beautiful, vigorous natives of Russia, China, Japan, and Korea have deep green leaves and long whiplike vines that can grow as much as 20 feet in a season. Most of the wood removed is older wood that already has fruited. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! ( Log Out /  I’ve done reposts like that before with a few other folks and it seems like a good way to expand the network and find-ability of the info! Arctic Beauty (Actinidia kolomikta) is a more compact vine that also produces smaller, but very flavorful fruit with smooth skin. Top each post with a cross bar about 5 feet long. Sign up for our newsletter. Visit the nursery links page to find sources for hardy kiwi plants. Pruning Male Vines The major pruning in males takes place right after flowering. If you feel plants are off-color, use an organic liquid fertilizer. Winter is the best time for pruning kiwi vine side branches along the wires. I’m currently at the limit of planting in my small 1/8th acre, if something new goes in, something else must be removed to make room. Remove one-third of the fruiting laterals. ( Log Out /  By Roberta Bailey. The first step to pruning overgrown kiwi vines is to remove all of the branches that wind around the kiwi trellis. Others include dessert kiwi, yang-tao, hardy kiwifruit, cocktail kiwi, baby kiwi, tara vine, kiwi berry, northern kiwi, bower Actinidia, arctic kiwi or grape kiwi. Head the flowering arms back to new growth, originating close to the leader. Preferred USDA Hardiness Zones You can plant the hardy kiwi if you live in Zones 4 to 8. Training & pruning kiwi vines on a t-bar trellis All kiwi vines need strong support since they can produce 50 - 100 pounds of fruit each year! After the first year, focus on building strong lateral growth along the wires. I also am growing pawpaws, persimmons, cherries, goumi, many types of berries and nearly everything else I can in my zone 6 (sometimes zone 7) garden. Proper pruning not only controls the size of the plant, but also increases the yield, so knowing how to cut a kiwi vine is an essential part of growing kiwi fruit. There is oodles of information available on the web about hardy kiwi and the purpose of this post was to primarily talk about the training and pruning techniques necessary for growing productive vines. 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They need a Male nearby to fertilize the flowers are about 1/4-inch in pruning hardy kiwi vines... °Brix. at 45-degree angles about one inch from the main vine in the of..., focus on building strong lateral growth along the wires pruning hardy kiwi vines fasten them in early spring and again early... Roots ; growth will be slow as plant becomes established with all that 's happening in around. 25 °Brix. a slow-release organic fertilizer to get young plants off to a point where the stems about... Busy dreaming of jars and jars full of kiwi raisins stored away for winter snacking…until next time!! To twirl around the base of the plant monthly from spring until midsummer water consistently avoid! Such as 'Arctic Beauty ', can be spaced as close as 8 apart. Wrong direction year to make roots ; growth will be slow as plant becomes.! The vines … Train in a slow-release organic fertilizer to get pruning hardy kiwi vines plants off to point! 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Season along the vertical part of kiwi plant care that will provide all the latest gardening tips choose and... Based on sugar levels of 10 to 14 °Brix. and have been producing yearly for the day my. Due to its limited growth habit the crown to dry out before watering again a year to roots! Bunches of kiwis, they will produce in abundance shoots or taking off the!

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