trees in singapore botanic gardens

Family: Clusiaceae It is a hardwood timber tree. The structures are part of an artificial woodland stretching 50 metres into the sky - soon to be one of Singapore's newest tourist attractions. In this region, the fruits of this tree are used to produce jams, jellies and wines. 0000247302 00000 n The wood is used in construction and for furniture, and a resin is harvested for use as fuel. 0000292978 00000 n Being an economical crop, Myristica fragrans is cultivated for its fruit from which the popular spices nutmeg and mace are derived. Family:  Dipterocarpaceae The Common Pulai is a fast-growing pioneer species of very humid tropical rainforest vegetation and is commonly encountered as a wild plant throughout Southeast Asia, including Singapore. The fruits are the size and shape of American footballs. The bark yields a red dye called soga tekik, used for colouring batik fabrics in Java. Origin: Madagascar to Pacific Common name: Penarahan Pianggu It is home to a variety of epiphytes and climbers, including Bulbophyllum orchids, Dragon Scales (Pyrrosia piloselloides) and wax vines (Hoya spp.). The Monkey Pot Tree gets its name from its unique fruit which looks like a pot with a lid. Family:  Meliaceae Our Penaga Laut is probably the largest specimen in Singapore and home to many epiphytes and climbers, including Bird’s Nest Ferns (Asplenium nidus) and a massive Tiger Orchid (Gramatophyllum speciosum). This species was introduced to Southeast Asia more than a century ago. The "Giardini Botanici Hanbury" (Hanbury Botanical Gardens or Hanbury Botanic Gardens) is one of the most famous place in Italy dedicated to acclimatization of plants. 05:00-24:00. You can just get in through the gate, explore and spend as much time as you would want to. The Pulai Basong is one of only 17 of its kind known to be left in Singapore. The National Orchid Garden itself is the legacy of an orchid-breeding program that began in 1928, and its 3 hectares house over 1000 species and 2000 hybrids. 0000292903 00000 n Singapore Botanic Gardens: Beautiful Tropical trees and flowers - See 19,791 traveler reviews, 15,513 candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor. The Botanic gardens also served as an agro-horticultural research institution, managed by British trained naturalists and botanists. 0000294666 00000 n It's home to 47 heritage trees. Common Name: West Indian Locust Tree 0000032863 00000 n 0000004004 00000 n Squirrels often bite into the stalk of the tree’s immature fruit to drain the embryo, discarding the rest of the fruit, which is poisonous to them. It is used in Brazil for making white soap and burnt as a source of light. 0000089307 00000 n 0000015887 00000 n Reportedly more than 170 years old, this Tembusu has a girth spanning six metres in circumference and stands at a height of 20 metres. 0000015129 00000 n 0000245213 00000 n Its harvest has been surrounded by many native superstitions, of which the most important is the use of a peculiar camphor language. The fruits are winged to aid in the dispersal of the seeds. This specimen is very likely derived from a self-sown wild seedling. The seed of this tree was part of an exchange between Singapore and the Gold Coast (now Ghana) in 1932 and planted in 1934 by former Director, Eric Holttum. 0000012619 00000 n Family: Meliaceae The Singapore Botanic Gardens is a national landmark and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. One of the most famous is the Tembusu tree -- … Family:  Lecythidaceae 0000135142 00000 n As the common name suggests, this tree is a source of the cotton used for stuffing pillows. When crushed, its pointed leaves give off the familiar fragrance of the oleo-resin the tree is famous for. Singapore Botanic Garden trees have been named after VIPs as well. 0000033187 00000 n Website. This tree was dedicated to the late Nelson Mandela to commemorate his visit to the Singapore Botanic Gardens in 1997. 0000265928 00000 n At more than 50 metres tall, this is one of the tallest trees in the Gardens. The Healing Garden is another great spot to spend a tranquil afternoon, and its next door neighbour, the Fragrant Garden, uplifts your spirits with a delightful aromatic experience – best enjoyed in the evening. Family: Lamiaceae Our tree has certainly defied Burkill’s expectations and grown into a magnificent heritage tree. Origin: India to Australia 0000012731 00000 n Trees with multiple trunks are excluded. This tree was planted on 1 January 1942 from seeds collected by former Assistant Director E J H Corner from forests on the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Common name: Common Pulai It is now part of the Jacob Ballas Children's Garden, near the Flying Fox play area. Family: Fabaceae Nauclea orientalis is a species distributed within Malesia but found only in cultivation in Singapore. Please note restricted access to the children's garden will apply. The orchid gardens provide splashes of colour, there is a significant variety of plants, the tropical trees are spectacular, there are cool, quiet... Read all 19,800 reviews. They split open when ripe to release one to four brown seeds, each about 6 cm across. Origin: Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malesia Singapore botanic gardens trees. Kapur resin is found in longitudinal crevices in the heart wood in a crystalline form. How to measure the girth of a tree? Family: Apocynaceae This specimen of Jelutong is believed to be part of the original forest vegetation that pre-existed the establishment of the Singapore Botanic Gardens and is one of the largest in Singapore, with a girth of about 5 metres. Origin: Malay Peninsula, Borneo This Mountain Teak is one of the last remnants of a larger collection of tropical conifers that once occupied this part of the Singapore Botanic Gardens. 0000292471 00000 n Teak trees are highly valued for their wood, which is durable and easily worked. It is these very seeds that are rich in oils that brought this plant to Singapore as an experimental economic plant. This UNESCO World Heritage site was once considered among the finest botanical gardens in the British … This specimen beside Holttum Hall is one of the most massive biological entities in the Gardens. Common name: Giant Cola Nut About the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Girth: 2.3 m Origin: West Africa 0000002841 00000 n It has been identified from photographs taken in the early 1900s. 0000014537 00000 n However, all these trees are 395 cm or more in girth. Family: Fabaceae This tree species is found in coastal forests and mangroves. Common name: Kapur Origin: Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo Those outside of the Gardens are checked … 0000070344 00000 n Yes, you heard me right. This is an interesting tropical conifer that is found in lowland and lower montane forests. Apparently, speaking Malay when searching for camphor was forbidden because it was believed to bring bad luck. Family:  Cornaceae However, many conifers are found in the tropics as well. Well known for its enormous spreading crowns that provide shade, Samanea saman is a widely planted species in Singapore and in many parts of the world. Last updated 20 Nov 2020. Singapore Botanic Gardens: Flowers and trees in the city centre. Freshwater swamp forests once covered as much as 60 sq km of Singapore. Location. The Tembusu is an evergreen with deeply fissured bark. Family:  Moraceae Unlike various other attractions in Singapore, the Botanic Gardens is free to explore. The nature attraction in the heart of the city features a small tropical rainforest, a ginger garden, and an orchid garden. They help to create a sense of permanence and identity to the place we live. In Peninsular Malaysia, it is found on the mountains where it occurs sporadically in rather remote places. Family: Lecythidaceae Then we went to our favourite stretches of the Symphony Lake with its statues of Chopin etc, enjoyed the huge lily pads, the one beautiful white swan, the Herconium Garden, bamboo groves, trellis pathway, unusual trees like the Brazilian cannonball and aged banyan. The orchid gardens provide splashes of colour, there is a significant variety of plants, the tropical trees are spectacular, there are cool, quiet... Read all 19,801 reviews. Shorea  macroptera is a large tree  in the Dipterocarpaceae family. Origin: Indochina, Malesia trailer <]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 220 0 obj <>stream Email . 0000005492 00000 n Contact. Origin: South China, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, Java 0000010136 00000 n They yield an edible oil that can be made into butter or margarine. The tree is sacred to many African communities. 0000291972 00000 n These vegetation types are disappearing in the region. 0000019327 00000 n Getting there. Family:  Apocynaceae Family:  Dipterocarpaceae This specimen is believed to be the largest of its kind in Singapore. )�ZZ����69x� �e�����8l�4� cNC�p����@C���&�� LEO�,47�9�40�b�f(aXy��A9@�q���\��Y�9�30F0�ؖ����j�8����� The Singapore Botanic Gardens is a living monument to the the founding fathers of Singapore. Classified as a Vulnerable, this species produces wood known as dark red meranti and has been exported to Europe under the trade name Nemesu. The Singapore Botanic Gardens began in 1859 as a landscaped “pleasure park”, complete with pathways, promenades, parade for music bands and ornamental plantings. The Senegal Mahogany Heritage Tree was planted by Mr Lee Kuan Yew to commemorate Tree Planting Day on 2 November 1980. Common name: Mengkulang Family: Podocarpaceae It is easily recognised by its signature lower branch. The construction of Halia was carried out simultaneously with the development of the Ginger Garden in the year 2000. A wild relative of the commercial mango species, Mangifera indica, this tree is native to Singapore and has small green-yellow fruits with orange-coloured flesh that is sweet to taste. In the spirit of giving, individuals, corporations, and embassies have donated to the Gardens and decorated tropical trees in the Gardens. Origin: East Africa to French Polynesia This means that traders were aware of the Kapur more than five centuries before it became known to science. Saga seeds are amazingly similar in weight and size. The African Sausage Tree gets its name from its unique fruit, which looks like a sausage. Origin: India, Indochina, Sumatra, Papua New Guinea A species usually found in peat-swamp forests, this is one of the native forest trees in Singapore. This timber tree has also been traded for almost two millennia as a source of camphor, an oleo-resin. 0000002739 00000 n Its wood is highly sought after as timber for construction. 0000293859 00000 n Common name: Andiroba or Carapa Of these, around 600 are on display – the largest showcase of tropical orchids on Earth. An interesting point about the Buni and some members of its family (Phyllanthaceae) is that each tree produces either male or female flowers only. To obtain it the tree must be cut down and split open. 0000004281 00000 n This specimen, brought from the municipal nursery in 1937, is the only one that survives from the Gardens’ early years. To this day, dentists still use latex derived products of this tree for root canal fillings. 0000294782 00000 n This species is Critically Endangered on the island and our specimen also supports a plant of the equally threatened climber, Ficus villosa. Photography: Singapore Botanic Gardens via Facebook When you’re done relaxing, swing by the Evolution Garden, which takes you on a journey of plants through the years. Known in South America as Sapucaia nuts, they have a less firm shell than Brazil nuts, and a somewhat better flavour. The fruits float on water and are dispersed long distances via ocean currents. 0000041081 00000 n This species was described as new to science in 1908 from material obtained from this tree. Family:  Dipterocarpaceae Common name: Kapok tree or Silk-Cotton Tree More than 10,000 species of flora are spread over its 82-hectares area, which is … The finest is a conspicuous object by the plant sheds.” Besides being probably older than the Gardens and the first plant of its kind known to science, the tree itself has a unique growth habit. �BY\,M&���>亐�!��ɒuNKw#��;�y,���y�4��Hf)�S ��8v0`� This tree is believed to be part of the original taxonomic living collection plot he established in the 1950s for his research. This tree species is critically endangered throughout its natural range. Here 3 trees are described in the Hanbury Botanic Gardens in Mortola (municipality of Imperia).. 1 Singapore Botanic Gardens, 1 Cluny Road, Singapore 259569 (Metro to Botanic Gardens MRT or one of numerous buses to either the MRT or the souhtern Tanglin gate. It became a popular street tree in 1980s Singapore due to its rapid growth, ease of transplanting, and ability to tolerate the harsh, dry urban conditions. It takes decades and in some cases, more than hundreds of years for these trees to mature gracefully in our landscape. Origin: India, Indochina, Northern Malay Peninsula These trees have been given the Heritage Tree status under the Singapore’s Heritage Tree Scheme, as part of efforts to promote the conservation of mature trees in Singapore. Common name: Senegal Mahogany Common name: Pulai Basong The cotton-like  fibre surrounds its seeds. Common name: Saga It can be propagated by seeds and performs well in plantations. Family:  Apocynaceae However, unlike most mature rain trees which have a much wider crown, this particular specimen is notable for being much taller than it is wide. In the 1980s, the tree was struck by lightning, but subsequently recovered. 0000011309 00000 n The oil expressed from them is clear in colour, nearly white, tasteless, and rapidly becomes rancid. Girth: 3.2 m Gardens by the Bay is a complex of theme gardens and steel-and-glass-domed conservatories located in the Marina Bay area of Singapore. Its seed pods give off an unpleasant smell when they split open, revealing instead a dry pulp with colours varying from brown to green and which is reportedly sweet to taste. Family: Sapotaceae national orchid garden, singapore … The Gardens at its present site was founded in 1859 by an Agri-Horticultural Society. H�\�]k�0�{Źl/�5ڂ�]��}�n?�&�N�1D{�_�[:�����$aUk�M��A�y�����8ܬd���A����t��ʾ1A���y���u;EA�';�꠆����*�����:�)�%)n�B/�ymz���6�r��4o\�o��l����A�hɶ�W��=%'��k�o. A tropical American native, the leaves of the Rain Tree fold up in the evenings, having earned it the local Malay name “Pukul Lima” which means five o’clock. Girth: 4.2 m The Jelawai periodically sheds its leaves, leaving almost the entire tree bare. The latex of this tree was widely used prior to the promotion of the South American Pará rubber tree by former director Henry Ridley. 0000293403 00000 n The nuts, which have high caffeine content and bitter flavour, are related to the Cola nut (Cola nitida) and often used to treat whooping cough, asthma, malaria, and fever. Cola gigantea is a large tree commonly known as the Giant Cola found in the dry semi-deciduous forests in West Africa and the West Indies. As Singapore progresses, there is a danger of losing these mature trees. 0000074049 00000 n The Heritage Rain Tree at the Nassim Gate could potentially date from 1882, when the species was first successfully introduced to Singapore via the Gardens. - See 19,795 traveler reviews, 15,519 candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor. However, until they reach maturity and flower, their sex cannot be determined. SINGAPORE: With the opening of a ridge-top hiking trail and a new arboretum on Saturday (Oct 19), there's now more to see and do at the Singapore Botanic Gardens.. Origin: Tropical America The Trees of the World display from 5 December 2020 to 3 January 2021 is a collaboration with our partners to bring festive joy and cheer to all while raising funds for the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Other products made from the oil include soap, candles, and moisturiser. Only a small percentage of Kapur trees actually contain any resin. Common name: Burmese Banyan Origin: Indochina, Malay Peninsula To obtain it the tree must be cut down and split open. The Singapore's Botanic Gardens is opened from 5 a.m. to 12 midnight daily. 0000294164 00000 n The Jelawai … Please exercise social distancing while in the Gardens. 0000294857 00000 n The Andiroba was obtained from British Guiana and planted on 28 December 1938. Common name: Monkey Pot Tree The fruits are fat, woody pods, curved to a point at opposite ends like the keel of a boat. 0000291897 00000 n Visit our venue rental page for more info, We will continue to reduce our activities until further notice. In 1978, Mr Wong Yew Kwan, the first Commissioner of Parks and Recreation, planted a row of Dipterocarp trees near the Tanglin Gate. This very tall specimen is an old and likely wild example, dating from before the Singapore Botanic Gardens acquired this piece of land in 1866. Lo`d`y�:���� �:�N������@wV70? 0000006058 00000 n Snake Trees were planted in the Gardens as early as 1882. Our Tahitian Chestnut Heritage Tree was planted in 1890 in what was once the Economic Garden. A characteristic plant of freshwater swamp forests, this Pianggu is an important remnant of the Singapore Botanic Gardens’ nutmeg plot. Our Temak Heritage Tree was planted as part of this collection. Origin: India, South China, Indochina, Malesia 0000020565 00000 n Family: Dipterocarpaceae Majestic mature trees are the natural heritage of Singapore and serve as important green landmarks of our Tropical Garden City. It can grow to about 50m high and 5m in girth. 0000010615 00000 n The wood is durable and hard; in olden days, its trunk was used to make chopping boards. Browse 872 singapore botanic gardens stock photos and images available, or search for singapore zoo or singaporean culture to find more great stock photos and pictures. 0000267786 00000 n 0000026135 00000 n This tree in the Gardens is believed to be the last of its kind on the island. The exact history of the tree is unknown, but its size and location suggests that it could be a remnant of the former Economic Gardens. Family: Malvaceae Family: Dipterocarpaceae Common name: Tallow tree Its crown, which is distinctly conical at early stages, grows to become rounder as the tree ages. Common name: Jati Bukit or Mountain Teak Family:  Malvaceae Henry Ridley, the first Director of Singapore Botanic Gardens, had this to say when he described the species: “ There are two or three of these fine trees in the Gardens’ Jungle. It has been identified from photographs taken in the early 1900s. This native Mentulang Daun Lebar tree is probably part of the original type population described by Garden’s Director, Henry Ridley. Book your tickets online for Singapore Botanic Gardens, Singapore: See 19,800 reviews, articles, and 15,542 photos of Singapore Botanic Gardens, ranked No.4 on Tripadvisor among 1,031 attractions in Singapore. 0000004568 00000 n 0000295285 00000 n Apparently speaking Malay when searching for camphor was forbidden because it was believed to bring bad luck. A common shade tree planted along roadsides in Singapore in the 1970s and 1980’s. The former comes from its seeds and the latter from its aril, a fleshy covering which surrounds its seeds. Family:  Podocarpaceae Common Name: Teak Featuring orchids, giant water lilies, century-old trees and Asian inspired landscapes they make a wonderful escape from the hustle and bustle of everyday life. Origin: Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo Trees of the World. So it seems the species is not regenerating and might actually become locally extinct when these giant trees eventually die. Nov 16, 2020 - The gardens was established at Tanglin in 1859 by an agri-horticultural soceity on an abandoned plantation. To obtain it the tree must be cut down and split up. Family: Bignoniaceae Common name: Chucher Atap or Malayan Yellow-Wood Marco Polo even mentioned it in his book when he described his visit to Sumatra in 1290. Kapur resin in crystalline form is found in crevices that run lengthwise in the heart wood. Family: Dipterocarpaceae Origin: Indochina, West Malesia Our Heritage Tallow Tree was introduced from Sierra Leone in 1897, no doubt as a potential economic crop for its fatty seeds, which can contain more than 40% fat. Only a small percentage of Kapur trees actually contain any resin. Most of these forests, which were dominated by this species, are long gone. Singapore’s first botanical and experimental garden was established by Sir Stamford Raffles (founder of Singapore) on Government Hill (now Fort Canning Hill) in 1822. The 1899 annual report of the Gardens mentions that a plantation was created here in response to the loss of wild trees that were formerly exploited for latex. In view of this concern, the Heritage Trees Scheme was announced on 17 Aug 2001 with the objectives to conserve and to educate the community on the importance of protecting our mature trees. Origin: Myanmar, Thailand, Malay Peninsular, Borneo, Sumatra Girth: 3.4 m The Tembusu tree at the Singapore Botanic Gardens is reportedly over 150 years old. 0000294600 00000 n Most of the southern Johor populations are gone or threatened by habitat conversion, making this population important for the global conservation of this species. 0000295401 00000 n Family: Meliaceae The large white flowers of this tree are fragrant and open at night, attracting bats and moths. Burkill speculated that the tree, which at the time was still young, would not grow into a large tree because it was adapted to a seasonally dry climate and not suited to our local conditions. 0000013105 00000 n Its timber is hard and durable, making it valuable for house-frames, wharves and sluices. Apparently speaking Malay when searching for camphor was forbidden because it was believed to bring bad luck. The Botanic played a key role in the introduction of rubber trees in Southeast Asia and in developing orchid hybridisation. Common name: Snake Tree Family: Dipterocarpaceae Current surveys in the nature reserves of Singapore show there are an estimated 50 trees. 0000295219 00000 n Common name: African Sausage Tree When they believe someone who is missing to be dead, they bury an African Sausage fruit to symbolise the body. Of course this inventory contains only tree records as far as they are registered on this site. In the 1980s, the tree was struck by lightning, but subsequently recovered. A native of the Singapore Botanic Gardens' rainforest, it has been standing here for more than 150 years. Along Lower Palm Valley Road, near the toilet, Beside SBG Heritage Museum (Holttum Hall), Flying Fox, Jacob Ballas Children's Garden, Lawn A, along Main Gate Rd near Swan Lake, Along Main Gate Road, opposite Marsh Garden. 0000063090 00000 n The Fund is used to implement a conservation programme to safeguard our Heritage Trees and to promote appreciation of our natural heritage. 0000032933 00000 n Singapore’s First UNESCO World Heritage Site, Educators' Recce in the Jacob Ballas Children's Garden, Registration & Payment (Programmes for Educators), Professional Study Visit Exchange Programme, No scootering, cycling, ball games and other important notices on our Safe Distancing Measures currently in place, Register here with your SportSG approval to conduct group exercise in the Gardens starting 1 Sep. Expect long (2hr) waiting times to enter the Jacob Ballas Children's Garden & the National Orchid Garden. Family: Apocynaceae It is likely that our specimen originates from Polynesia, where the large seeds are eaten boiled or roasted. Traditionally, the processed seeds have an almond-like taste and are used as the cooking ingredients in Peranakan cuisine, where they are known as buah keluak. Origin: Malay Peninsula The tropical rainforest is one among the only few pieces of original jungle left on the island and it’s reported to have more than 300 species of flora. Professional study visitexchange programme. 0000294239 00000 n Common name: Putat Laut A native tree of Singapore, its latex can be used to make chewing gum and its wood to make furniture. Getting there. The Burmese Banyan Heritage Tree is thought to be as old as the Gardens. 0000007060 00000 n No seedlings or smaller trees of this species have ever been found in Singapore. The seeds of this tree are sometimes crushed and thrown into streams to stun fish, which then die and float to the surface, allowing them to be easily harvested. Common name: Jelawai Jaha Origin: Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Borneo You will not miss their perfume, especially in the late evening, when the fragrance is strongest. © 2020 Singapore Botanic Gardens. 0000019204 00000 n It has since attained a height of 46 metres, growing an average of half a metre each year and dwarfing all its neighbours on the lawn. Known to be able to grow up to 50 m in height, this tree bears compounds leaves which are made up of a single pair of falcate leaflets. This means that traders were aware of the Kapur more than five centuries before it became known to science. The Singapore Botanic Gardens are full of surprises ! Family:  Fabaceae Family: Fabaceae Origin: Indochina, Malesia Image of water, cultivated, unesco - 137414447 0000012304 00000 n 0000008740 00000 n It is native to Indochina and the northern region of Peninsular Malaysia. It was even mentioned by Marco Polo when he visited Sumatra in 1290. 0000293478 00000 n Height There are no reliable height measurements in Singapore available yet. Only a small percentage of Kapur trees actually contain any resin. 0000006961 00000 n The sole Heritage Tree can be found at the Singapore Botanic Gardens, near the Lady On A Hammock sculpture. 0000006320 00000 n 0000065411 00000 n There is no admission fee, except for the National Orchid Garden.

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